An organ donor can donate 25 different organs and save upto 9 lives
Due to lack of awareness, there are myths and fears in peoples’mind about organ donation. The aim of this day is to motivate normal human beings to pledge to donate organs after death, and to spread awareness about the importance of organ donation.
Organ Donation is donating a donor’s organs like heart, liver, kidneys, intestines, lungs, and pancreas, after the donor dies, for the purpose of transplanting them into another person who is in need of an organ.
According to a survey In India every year about:
500,000 people die because of non-availability of organs, 200,000 people die due to liver disease, and 50,000 people die because of heart disease. Moreover, 150,000 people await a kidney transplant but only 5,000 get among them.
The organ donor can play a big role in saving others’ life. The organ of the donor can be transplanted to the patient who needs it urgently.
Organ Donation Day is observed every year on 13th of August.
Facts about Organ Donation
- Anybody can be an organ donor irrespective of their age, caste, religion, community etc
- There is no defined age for donating organs. The decision to donate organs is based on strict medical criteria, not age.
- Tissues such as cornea, heart valves, skin, and bone can be donated in case of natural death but vital organs such as heart, liver, kidneys, intestines, lungs, and pancreas can be donated only in the case of ‘brain death’.
- Organs such as the heart, pancreas, liver, kidneys and lungs can be transplanted to those recipients whose organs are failing because it allows many recipients to return to a normal lifestyle.
- Anyone younger than age 18 needs to have the agreement of a parent or guardian to be a donor.
Having a serious condition like actively spreading cancer, HIV, diabetes, kidney disease, or heart disease can prevent you from donating as a living donor.
The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has urged people all of communities to come forth and generously donate organs to help the noble cause of saving precious lives. The Ministry had launched the 6th World and first ever Indian Organ Donation Day and Organ Donation Congress 2010 in New Delhi.
Over 10 lakh people awaiting corneal transplantation, 50,000 in line for heart transplantation, and 20,000 in need of lung transplantation.
Organ Donation – India
- Wife Donates Cancer to Save Husband Life on Valentine’s Day
- PGIMER Chandigarh Bags the Award for Best Hospital in Organ Donation
- New Way to Increase Organ Donor Registrations
- New Way to Treat Post-transplant Patients
- Hyderabad Metro Transports ‘Live Heart’ for Transplant
- A model of pig-to-human kidney transplantation 7 February 2022
- Recipient APOL1 effects on transplant outcomes 19 October 2021
- COVID-19 vaccination in kidney transplant recipients 27 September 2021
- Self-reactive innate-like B-1 cells infiltrate grafts 12 August 2021
Organ donation categories
This occurs when a living person donates an organ for transplantation. The donor can be a family member, relative, friend, neighbour, or an in-law.
Here, the patient must register in a hospital that performs transplants. They are put on a waitlist, and when the organ from a suitable deceased donor (brain death) becomes available, the patient is informed.
Living people, any age after 8 months old, in their lifetime can pledge their organs. They will receive Donor Card which acts as a will for donating the organs. In case of brain dead patients, Transplantation of Human Organs Act has been established with the rules to be followed for organ donation. Apart from the procedures laid down in the act, consent from family, coroner and legal authorities is obtained before starting the process.